Graicunas Index

The Graicunas formula provides a strong measure of the span of control of an organizational structure and represents an important step forward towards more managerial effectiveness and efficiency.


Reporting lines alone are a poor proxy of complexity

Just counting reporting lines is not enough to understand the efficiency of an organizational structure. Additional metrics are necessary to grasp the complexity behind the surface.

A solid theory to start with

Graicunas theory is an important contribution to quantify the real burden related to specific organizational structures.

From therory to practice

The HOW4 add-on module offers a practical and rapid calculation of the Graicunas index for all the managers of any organization.